Most children love playing and splashing in water. But did you know that water play with preschoolers is a great way to work on speech and language skills? Water play is more than just making a big mess for mom and dad to clean up.
In this article, I will share with you the many benefits playing with water has from a language development perspective!
Playing With Water Is A Learning Experience!
What You’ll Need To Get Started
Of course the answer is water! You can either purchase a water table (these also work well as sand tables) or make your own! To make your own, simply find a large plastic bin that can be put on the floor or on a small child’s table.
Gather some items from around the house such as plastic cups, spoons, bath toys, small rocks, plastic syringes (check with your pharmacy as many give them away for free – or you may have some around the house if your child has been given medication), marbles, spoons, funnel, strainer, plastic dolls/animals, etc. These items can be used in the water table.
You can also work on the language skills I am about to discuss while your child is having a bath. Or, if you prefer, fill the sink with water. You can keep your preschooler safe while playing in the sink with the learning tower or kitchen helper rather than have her standing on a chair!
Get Down To Your Child’s Level
Sit on the floor if you are using a bin on the floor, or grab a chair if you are at a table. Being at the same level as your child shows that you are interested in what he is doing. It also allows him to see your facial expressions and the movements of your mouth. It is also easier to make and maintain eye contact when all participants are at the same level, which is a very important social skill.
Playing with water is a great way to introduce your preschooler to new vocabulary. Here is some water based vocabulary to focus on:
- wet, dry, deep, shallow, heavy, light, fast, slow, in, out
- sink, float, pour, splash, measure, wash, swim
- bubbles, cup, spoon, rock, funnel, strainer, boat, spoon, baby, etc
Children usually enter the symbolic stage of play between the ages of 2.5 and 3. This means that they are able to use one object to represent another. For example, using a bowl as a boat. There are many adventures to go on during water play. If you have small plastic boats, use those, or pretend a cup or bowl is a boat.
You could go on a fishing excursion or be pirates looking for sunken treasures. Add a squirt or 2 of soap to the water to create a layer of foam on top. That way you can’t see what has sunk to the bottom. Practice predicting what might be found when you reach to the bottom of the bin. You can also try and predict which items will sink or float before putting them into the water.
If your child is playing in the bathtub, give him some goggles so he can pretend to be a scuba diver. Throw in some plastic fish with a magnetic rod and pretend to be a fisherman.
Find a doll that can go in the water and give the doll a bath. You can use real soap or pretend another item such as a block, for example, is a bar of soap.
Your child will probably come up with scenarios that you hadn’t even thought of.
Children start off playing on their own, but as they get older and into the preschool years they begin interacting with their peers. Water play is a great time for interacting with peers and adults. Children need to learn to take turns with the toys available if they would each like to play. Playing side by side but not necessarily focused on the same goal is called parallel play.
As a child’s play skills evolve they will begin participating in co-operative or collaborative play where all children involved have the same end goal.
For example, a small group of children, or a child with his parent(s) and sibling(s) may decide to pretend to be pirates looking for the sunken treasure. Everyone has a role and the goal is to find as much treasure as possible!
Some Things To Keep In Mind
- Go with the flow – let your child lead and see where the water play will take you! There is no right or wrong way to play with water. No matter what toys you use, it will be a great sensory and learning experience for your child.
- As there is no right or wrong way to play with water, children of all ages and abilities can play together. 2 children could be playing collaboratively while another child is doing his own thing. But they are all still playing together.
- If your child comes up with an unrealistic scenario (e.g. pretending to be at the farm) let her explore it. It will add to the fun and creativity of the experience. Perhaps there is an underwater farm where all of the animals are able to survive underwater.
- Try not to dominate the play or conversation. Sometimes us adults get things into our heads that we think are great ideas. However, our children may disagree. This goes back to following your child’s lead. Make sure you aren’t the one doing all of the talking. Even if your child isn’t saying much, wait and see if he will initiate conversation.
But, My Child Really Doesn’t Like Water
Don’t worry. There are quite a few kids who don’t like water. Even getting splashed can be upsetting. Here are some things you can try that don’t involve being in the water or having buckets of water around.
- Have a toy wash – gather up toys, ride on vehicles, bikes, and anything else you can think of. Put a bit of water into a small pail, throw in a sponge and let your child clean his toys!
- Water the garden/flowers – find a small watering can or use a spray bottle and water the flowers and plants in the garden.
- Paint the fence – get a large paintbrush and a small pail of water. Let your child paint the fence with water. If you don’t have a fence find something else that she can “paint”.
If you want to get really creative check out these 25 ideas for water play with preschoolers courtesy of Happy Hooligans!
Does your child love the water or hate it? Share some stories in the comments below about how your child(ren) likes to play with water!