The benefits of outdoor play for preschoolers almost always outweigh any potential drawbacks! Yes, there is a chance your little one will get dirty, possibly covered in mud and perhaps she will even put a piece of grass in her mouth (fingers crossed it’s not a dried up worm – apparently I did ate those as a young child, several times). Yes, it’s a bit gross, but it won’t kill her! She might even fall and scrape her knee, but that is ok to!
These days kids are indoors more than ever. Usually time spent inside is in front of a screen. And we are learning more and more that too much exposure to screens is not good for the developing brain of a young child!
As long as there are no extreme weather conditions, there is no reason why children shouldn’t be outside playing.
However, as a result of social media and instant access to the news, we often feel that there is more crime in the world now than 20+ years ago and therefore our children are no longer safe outside.
But, this is not true. In fact, crime rates are decreasing, but we hear about crime so much more through the media. We hear of child abductions occurring 1000’s of miles from where we live and then generalize that the same thing must be happening everywhere. These crimes have always occurred throughout history, we just didn’t hear about them.
I’m not going to link to the various studies and articles that have been written on the decrease in crime since there are articles pertaining to every part of the world. A quick google search should give you this information if you would like to read up on it.
Sorry for the tangent, let’s get back to the topic of the benefits of outdoor play for preschoolers. Of course, adult supervision is always a good thing with a young child, especially if there is no fenced in yard. But try not to hover or direct your child’s play time.
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Playing Outside Is Good For Physical Development
Did you know that children who regularly play outside have better vision than those who do not? Playing outside also allows a child to naturally develop gross and fine motor skills. Running, jumping, skipping, hopping, climbing, etc. all help fine tune gross motor skills.
Fine motor skills are also improved on when a child picks up a small pebble and drops it into a bucket, for example.
When a preschooler is playing outside, he is probably not sitting still (like he would be inside in front of the TV). Rather, he is running around, rolling down a hill, jumping up to try and catch a butterfly. All of these actions burn calories. Obesity is becoming more and more prevalent due to our sedentary lifestyles, even in young children. So getting a child outside gets them active and moving!
When children play outside, the natural light stimulates the pineal gland which is responsible for regulating our “biological clock”. Thus outdoor play can be beneficial for sleep, and having quality sleep is essential for a child’s development!
Outdoor Play is Learning Through Play
Getting outside and playing allows a child to strengthen their cognitive, social and emotional skills. Children need to use their imaginations in order to play outside. And nature provides them with so many interesting items that they can explore and incorporate into their play.
Children can be seen making up new games to play with friends. In order to do this, they need to work together. Children will need to take turns and work together to solve problems such as who goes first or if the “restaurant” will be serving a salad made with mud and sticks or sand and twigs.
To an adult these decisions seem quite trivial but to a child these things are of the utmost importance.
Children don’t realize that they are learning many new skills when they are running around outside. And often parents don’t realize this either. Many well meaning parents think their preschooler will benefit more from structured activities and team sports, however, this is not the case. Playing outside freely helps a child develop:
- Numeracy skills – counting how many pebbles need to go into a bucket, keeping score in a game, etc.
- Vocabulary – nature is filled with new and interesting objects, insects, animals, actions, colors, etc. Talk to your child about all the fun things you discover outside. Children also learn new words from their peers.
- Social Skills – taking turns, playing on a team, joint attention, topic maintenance (multiple children carrying on a conversation about the same idea).
- Problem Solving – so many problems can be encountered outside that need to be solved (see examples above).
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Development of the Senses
Almost every sense can be triggered outside. For example, there are many bright colors to see, animals can be heard making sounds, or you can listen to the sound the wind makes going through the trees. Nature is filled with different textures such as smooth, rough, bumpy, hard, soft that a child can experience through touch. Fruits and vegetables grow outside that a child can taste, or like most children they will want to taste the snow and the rain.
As you can see, each sense is used by being outside. When a child is inside in front of a screen they are only using the sense of sight and sound, and maybe touch if they are touching the screen. However, these are not nearly as varied as the sights, sounds and touch that can be experienced outside.
So the next time it’s raining out, send your child into the backyard, driveway, balcony to hear, see, feel and taste (yes, I said taste) the rain!
What Does This All Mean?
Make sure to give your preschooler plenty of outdoor time. With all of the technology at their fingertips, children are choosing not to go outside because screens are fun! Trust me, I go through this with my own children. But outdoor time isn’t an option in our house.
I remember my parents kicking my sister and I out and saying “go play”. We would wander up to the little stream at the end of our street and use rocks to build a dam to see how much water would collect at the top of the stream. We would find fallen trees (small ones) that we could drag across the stream to build a bridge. We would catch frogs and salamanders and make homes for them with old containers, sticks and grass. These are some of my fondest childhood memories.
I want to leave you with something to think about. Did you know that children who climb trees perform better at school? If you want to know why, read this article from our friends at Gooey Brains!
It’s pretty easy to see that there are many benefits of outdoor play for preschoolers! What are some of your favorite outdoor childhood memories? Share some things your children love doing outside!